ECONOMY

 

The existing function of the Jiribam town comprise of administrative head quarter of the sub- division and as a growth centre, which provides medical, educational and commercial facilities to the region in and around. According to 2001 census 80% of its working population is engaged in non agricultural activities and the main function of the town is categorised as Services

The town functions as a market centre for its vast rural hinterland. The commercial function of the town which not only provides an opportunity to the rural people to sell their agricultural, horticultural, and riverine products and buy the commodity of daily necessities but also provides direct employment to the people of the region. Thus the function of the growth centre providing employment opportunity and raising the rural economy goes along way to solve the problem of rural urban migration and for a balance development of the region.

The third important sector is tertiary sector where Government servants played a vital role. About 20% of the population engaged in Government offices which resulted more income than the secondary  sector.  Meanwhile,  the  percentage  of  Agriculture,  Labour  household  industry  are relatively low.

Occupational structure & working force :

According to 2001 census the total work force of the town was 1643, of which 1297 are male worker and 346 are female. And of the total working population of the town, the percentage of working force engaged in primary, secondary and tertiary activities are 15.28%, 4.34% and 80.34% respectively. Details are shown below :-

                                                      Working population of Jiribam Town


Census

Year

Person

Male

Female

1991

1628 (27.38%)

1306 (21.96%)

322 (5.42%)

2001

1643

(25.58%)

1297

(20.19%)

346

(5.39%)

2006*

2063

(28.43%)

1619

(22.31%)

444

(6.12%)


Occupational Structure of Jiribam

 

Census

Year

Primary

Secondary

Tertiary

1971

340

(31.82)

168

(15.73)

560

(52.45)

1981

320

(28.06)

65

(5.69)

756

(66.25)

1991

376 (23.2%)

249 (15.39)

993 (61.37)

2001

251

(15.28%)

72

(4.34%)

1,320

(80.34%)

 Source :Census of India

*Household Survey by JMC

Agriculture

                    Agriculture is one of the important sector of the economy of the region.According to 1981 census of the total working population, 28% in the town area and 42% in the Master plain area are still engage  in agriculture.  Horticulture  is onof the important  sector  of economy of this toen. Plantation farming like the experiment in tea plantation, rubber plantation is successful and promises a bright future on this sector of the economy. 

Industry

                           Industrially Jiribam as a whole is a back ward Sub-Division, there is not even a medium size industry in the whole of the Sub-Division. In Jiribam town there is no big or medium size industries are found. According to Town Planing Department survey conducted in 1984, there are 35 industrial units in the town which are mostly cottage, domestic and serving industries. The industries are like, tailoring, watch repairing  automobile workshop, embroidery and knitting, jewellery works, bamboo and cane work, rice milling, carpentary works etc.This industrial establishment employ about 105 persons. 

In 1985 Government of Manipur has established an Industrial complex at Kadamtala covering an area of 15 acres of land, which is supposed to bost the industrial development in the region.

The  ramaterial  for  the  industries  are  supplied  froGauhati,  Silchar,  Imphal  and surrounding areas. The finished product s have got ready market locally. In fact the bamboo and can works of this region are well known. 

For the industrial backwardness of the region the factors like, unavailability of raw materials, lack of markets for finished goods, power shortage, lack of financial assistance, lack of technical manpower etc. are responsible. 


Type of Industry

No.

of

Units

Employment

Generated

% Hired

%

Own

Hired

Own

Total

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

 

 
Households by Employment in Industrial Activities (2006) Jiribam

 

 

 

 

 

 

Saw Mill

1

6

0

6

100.00

0.00

Rice/Oil Mill

5

2

4

6

33.33

66.67

Carpentry

6

1

2

3

33.33

66.67

Repairing

4

1

3

4

25.00

75.00

Handloom and Handicraft

3

0

2

2

0.00

100.00

Embroidery/wool knitting

2

0

2

2

0.00

100.00

Food processing

0

0

0

0

0.00

0.00

Pharmaceutical

1

0

1

1

0.00

100.00

Electronics

2

0

0

0

0.00

0.00

Fabrication

0

0

0

0

0.00

0.00

Building Materials

0

0

0

0

0.00

0.00

Videography/Photography

1

0

0

0

0.00

0.00

Video/Cassette library

1

0

1

1

0.00

100.00

Beauty Parlour/hair

0

0

0

0

0.00

0.00

Total

26

10

15

25

40.00

60.00

 

Source : Household Survey by JMC 2006 

 

Trade & Commerce 

Jiribam town has been known for its commercial activities since its inception. The Jiri bazaar is well known during the British period also. There are two bi-weekly market at Jiribam, one at Jiri Bazar and and another at Gularthol. Inspite of its historical role as the centre of trade and commerce. Jiribam lacks basic facilities for commercial activities. Most of the shop buildings are kutcha and semi-pucca by nature. The markets are out grown without plan and do not have basic amenities. A Market complex under the Ten Percent year marked fund for Northeast is nearing completion at the heart of the town. 

According to the socio-economic survey conducted by JMC in 2006, there are about 609 shops and 775 vendors establishment in the town.The commodities dealt by these shops are grocery, hardware, stationeries, cloting, medicines, machinery spare parts, motor parts, electrical goods, construction materials etc. These  commodities are mainly brought from Silchar which is only 45 kms from the town.

 Market Concentration 

 

Type of

establishment

Jiri Keithel

Lamkhai

Bazar

Gularthol

Bazar

Dibong Bazar

Total

 

Municipal

 

246

475

 

---

---

 

10

85

 

--

--

 

256

560

Shop

Vendor

Private Shop Vendor

 

248

125

 

45

30

 

45

50

 

15

10

 

353

215

Total

 

Percent

1094

 

(79.04%)

75

 

(5.41%)

190

 

(13.72%)

25

 

(1.80%)

1384

 

(100%)

 

Source : Household Survey by JMC 2006